Difference Between Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Difference Between Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Get to Understand the Differences between Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Today, the discussion revolving around machine learning and artificial intelligence has turned to be two buzzwords that often seem to be used interchangeably. But in actual sense, they’re not quite the same thing. More often, the two words pop up very commonly when the topic is on Big Data and analytics. Sadly though, there is still a misconception within the public and the media concerning what truly is the difference between the two terms.

Now, below, we will run down through some main differences between AI and ML.

What is Machine Learning?

Scientists have scholarly described ML as the study of computer algorithms that permits computer programs with the ability to automatically “learn.” ML aims to empower machines to learn by themselves using the presented data and make accurate predictions. Primarily, ML is a subset of artificial intelligence.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Now, AI is the wider concept that constitutes everything from Good Old-Fashioned AI (GOFAI) to the futuristic technologies like deep learning. In another scenario, every time a machine finalizes tasks centred on a set of postulated rules that solve problems (algorithms), such an “intelligent” behaviour refers to AI.

Now, if we decide to take a practical example of let’s say a video game to distinguish the two, where the objective is to manoeuvre through a minefield using a self-navigating car, this is what will happen. Well, at first, the car has no idea what’s the best pathway to follow to avoid the landmines. Say we do simulated runs to gather heaps of data about which pathway works and which does not. The data that can be fed to the machine learning, so it learns from the previous driving experience and utilizes that to steer the car safely.

Now, what if we decide to complicate the problem, let’s say we move the location of the landmines? In this case, the ML algorithm will no longer do a perfect job because it does not know that landmines are existing. What it only knows is what pattern that exists in the pathway that was acquired from the data offered previously, and that’s the same path it will keep on pursuing unless getting with new data for it to learn.

On the other hand, artificial intelligence will take up that data. It also analyzes the reasons why these pathways are changing and codify rules for detection of those (unsafe) spots. It also analyzes how to steer clear from them by leaving a visible trail for that matter. What AI does is learn the facts and applies them similar to how a human brain will work.
Difference Between Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

Key Differences between ML and AI

  • AI has two categories; the narrow AI—which is designed to perform specific tasks within a website and “general AI,” which learn and perform tasks anyplace. ML, on the other hand, is confined with “narrow AI based on the latest statistics-based algorithms and models in engineering science.
  • As a result, ML engages procedure statistics, applied computing, and mathematical optimization, while AL draws upon several sciences and technologies: mathematics, linguistics, engineering science, neurobiology, and engineering, among others.
  • AI is concerning making intelligent systems (seeks to reason, capture, plan, learn), encompassing machine intelligence, artificial cognizance, and intelligent communities. On the other hand, ML is machine-regulated feature engineering, trait learning, to mechanically uncover the representations needed for feature recognition, or real-world knowledge (pictures, video), and gadgets knowledge.
  • One formidable AI systems – Watson –applies techniques such as deep learning as the only part very complex collective of techniques, beginning from the applied math technique (Bayesian Illation) to figurative thought. Following the technological scepticisms to ML systems, extraordinary considerations are because of applying ML for lethal autonomous weapons systems.
  • Artificial Intelligence wraps around anything that allows computers to behave like humans. If you bumped to Siri or used it on your phone, you’re already close. Machine learning deals with mining of patterns from data sets. It also finds rules for optimum behaviour and adapts to changes in the environment.

Now, on the further front, we can look at the differences within the following context:


One of the prime goals of AI is to simulate natural intelligence. It is to solve an advanced problem. ML goals are also to make sure the task to maximize the performance of the machine on a particular task.


AI main processes result in creating a system to mimic human to respond, behave in exceptional situations. These machines consist of senses as those of humans. So the best offer solutions for tasks which human beings cannot do. ML involves making self-learning algorithms which involve gathering data studying, and then analyzing the data.


For AI, the outcome is in intelligence or knowledge, whereas ML results in data.

Conclusion About Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence

We can arguably conclude that artificial intelligence and machine learning is the future of digital technology. AI has been in existence longer, and its potential is yet to form completely. Therefore, the term ML now offers marketers one new thing to ponder about.

In summary, ML applies the experience to look for the pattern in learning. AI applies the experience to acquire knowledge or facts/skills and how to use that knowledge for new environments. Both ML and AI certainly have a valuable contribution to a business application. Yet ML possesses more adoption for solving the crucial business solutions in the manufacturing industry or smart production.